The Journal of Opinions, Ideas and Essays (JOIE)

The Journal of Opinions, Ideas, & Essays (JOIE) is a open access, electronic journal sponsored by the University of Minnesota Retirees Association (UMRA). JOIE is supported by the University of Minnesota Libraries Publishing system. Its purpose is to provide a digital venue for a wide variety of articles submitted by retired or active faculty, staff and civil service colleagues from the Twin Cities and Coordinate Campuses of the University. JOIE is not accepting new article submissions at this time. Articles may be intended for a broad, general audience or for a more specialized readership. Examples might be biographical, historical, or literary essays; matters of curricular interest; comments on University issues or issues in higher education; pedagogical essays; short stories or poetry; book reviews; speculative scientific hypotheses; or comments having to do with scientific, legal or agricultural ideas. As an electronic journal, JOIE can accommodate graphics and illustrations and is well-suited for photographic essays or other artistic presentations.

In front of Northrop